Passover is also known as Pesach & Chag Ha’Aviv in Hebrew. It is also known as the “Festival of Unleavened Bread.” It falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan, a Hebrew month that usually occurs in spring. It lasts for seven days in Israel & eight days elsewhere. The event’s purpose is to celebrate the freedom of the Children of Israel from their slavery in Egypt.
The history related to Passover is believed to be in common with other religions such as Samaritan & Christianity. They have their own related holidays.
There are three common popular traditions for this occasion. One is to offer a sacrificial lamb, known as korban Pesach; the second is to give up leavening products; the third is to offer barley on the second day of Passover.
Passover Seder symbolizes the beginning of the Passover. Its activities include: talking about the story in detail, prayers & recitations, drinking four cups of wine, eating matza (unleavened bread), & eating the Passover Seder plate.
The Passover Seder plate contains bitter herbs, lettuce, paste of fruit & nuts, vegetable other than bitter herbs, roasted lamb/goat bone, & a hard boiled egg.
Other typical food for Passover include: certain vegetables, fruits, nuts, poached fish patties made from carp or pike, kugel made with matzo, chicken soup served with matzo-meal dumplings, Passover noodles, fried balls made of leeks, meat & matzo meal, leg of a chicken or lamb, meat pie made with matzo, & matzo immersed in milk or water & fried with other items.
There is a variety of possible greetings for the celebration of Passover in Hebrew: “Chag Sameach,”” Moed tov Moadim l’simcha,” & “Gut’n Mo’ed.”
The initial & final days of Passover are the most significant. During these days, there are recitations of special blessings & prayers. People go to their synagogues & take an interest in Torah passages. A special meal is eaten, that is based on the Seder plate. This food is complemented with red wine or grape juice.
Passover is an event that reminds us of the commonality with other religions. This promotes peace. It values food & the coming together of the community (at the synagogue). It reminds everyone to be religious & pious, setting a trail for a good afterlife.