Ramadan is also known as Ramzaan or “Sowm”. It lasts for about a month. It is one of the requirements of Muslims, as long as they are fit to do so. Both the initial & final days of Ramadan depend on the moon sighting.
During this month, the person fasting cannot eat or drink from sunrise to sunset. He/she also refrains from certain acts. There is a meal that some eat before sunrise. It is called “Suhur.” At sunset, one opens their fast. This is called “Iftar.” One custom is to open it by eating dates.
This month is filled with carrying out prayers & having get-togethers to eat.
Ramadan signifies the release of the Muslim holy book, the Quran.
A very significant occasion within Ramadan is a night believed to fall in the odd days of the final ten days of Ramadan. Some have already decided which one but some pray in all of them, not knowing which one it is. During this night, one prayer equals to around eighty years of it.
Ramadan is there for several reasons. One is, of course, that it is mandatory for every able Muslim. Another is that it lessens the gap between those who can afford to eat & drink & those who cannot. By abjuring from eating & drinking in the daytime, the gap lessens. It also cleans out the body due to this refraining. It is also a month where both necessary & extra worship are encouraged. People also use this month to enhance their personalities.
Following the last day of Ramadan, there are three days of celebration. This occasion is known as Eid-ul-Fitr. Some refer to it as Eid. This one is understood to be the festival of breaking fasts. A lot wear new clothes; presents are given; everyone visits one another & enjoys all the special food. There are special prayers in the morning.
Zakat al Fitr is a type of charity given near the end of the fasting month, before the special Eid prayer. It is usually in the form of food. Each member of the family has to give one. It is to be spent on those impoverished or financially vulnerable. One reason is for the receivers to enjoy Eid.
Ramadan is there to enhance our spirituality through both worship (ex extra prayers such as Taraweeh) & festive events (Iftar). It helps us biologically as well. We do not forget the poor & those less fortunate. Such purposes are beneficial for all.